A radioactive gas found in some homes that in sufficient
concentrations can cause health problems.
A fixed-rate mortgage that includes a provision that gives the
borrower a one-time option to reduce the interest rate (without
refinancing) during the early years of the mortgage term.
A commitment issued by a lender to a borrower or other mortgage
originator guaranteeing a specified interest rate for a specified period
of time. See lock-in.
real estate agent
A person licensed to negotiate and transact the sale of real estate on
behalf of the property owner.
Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA)
A consumer protection law that requires lenders to give borrowers
advance notice of closing costs.
Land and appurtenances, including anything of a permanent nature such
as structures, trees, minerals, and the interest, benefits, and inherent
A real estate broker or an associate who holds active membership in a
local real estate board that is affiliated with the National Association
The cancellation or annulment of a transaction or contract by the
operation of a law or by mutual consent. Borrowers usually have the option
to cancel a refinance transaction within three business days after it has
The public official who keeps records of transactions that affect real
property in the area. Sometimes known as a "Registrar of Deeds" or "County
The noting in the registrar’s office of the details of a properly
executed legal document, such as a deed, a mortgage note, a satisfaction
of mortgage, or an extension of mortgage, thereby making it a part of the
The process of paying off one loan with the proceeds from a new loan
using the same property as security.
A mortgage created to cover the costs of repairing, improving, and
sometimes acquiring an existing property.
The amount of principal that has not yet been repaid. See principal
The original amortization term minus the number of payments that have
rent loss insurance
Insurance that protects a landlord against loss of rent or rental
value due to fire or other casualty that renders the leased premises
unavailable for use and as a result of which the tenant is excused from
rent with option to buy
See lease-purchase mortgage loan.
An arrangement made to repay delinquent installments or advances.
Lenders' formal repayment plans are called "relief provisions."
replacement reserve fund
A fund set aside for replacement of common property in a condominium,
PUD, or cooperative project -- particularly that which has a short life
expectancy, such as carpeting, furniture, etc.
A credit arrangement, such as a credit card, that allows a customer to
borrow against a preapproved line of credit when purchasing goods and
services. The borrower is billed for the amount that is actually borrowed
plus any interest due.
right of first refusal
A provision in an agreement that requires the owner of a property to
give another party the first opportunity to purchase or lease the property
before he or she offers it for sale or lease to others.
right of ingress or egress
The right to enter or leave designated premises.
right of survivorship
In joint tenancy, the right of survivors to acquire the interest of a
deceased joint tenant.
Rural Housing Service (RHS)
An agency within the Department of Agriculture, which operates
principally under the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act of 1921
and Title V of the Housing Act of 1949. This agency provides financing to
farmers and other qualified borrowers buying property in rural areas who
are unable to obtain loans elsewhere. Funds are borrowed from the U.S.